Beanie level: Entertainer-in-training
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IT’S OK TO NOT BE OK eps 13: “THE TALE OF TWO SISTERS”

A JOSEON ERA FOLK TALE

JANGHWA HONGRYEON, The Legend Behind “A TALE OF TWO SISTERS”

Introduction

Once upon a time, there was a man named Muryong whose wife had a dream where an angel gave her a beautiful flower. Nine months later, she gave birth to a pretty baby girl, who the couple named “Janghwa” (“Rose Flower”). Two years later, they had another pretty girl and named her “Hongryeon” (“Red Lotus”). Unfortunately, the mother died when Hongryeon was 5 years old; and soon thereafter, the father remarried to continue his line. The new stepmother was both ugly and cruel. She hated her stepdaughters, but hid those feelings, only to reveal them once she had three sons in a row, which gave her a good deal of power, and she abused the girls in every possible way. But Janghwa and Hongryeon never told their father about any of it.

Conflict

When Janghwa came of age and got engaged, Father told his second wife to help Janghwa plan a wedding ceremony. Stepmother became angry, not wanting to spend a penny of “her family’s money” or “her sons’ future fortune” on Janghwa. So she came up with a dirty plan: One night when Janghwa was sleeping, Stepmother had her eldest son put a dead skinned rat in Janghwa’s bed. Early the next morning, she brought Father to Janghwa’s room, telling him she’d had a bad dream about her elder stepdaughter. When she pulled back the covers on Janghwa’s bed, something that looked like a very bloody miscarriage shocked everybody in the room. Stepmother accused Janghwa of unchaste behavior, having an out-of-wedlock child. Father believed this. Janghwa did not know what to do so she ran out of the house to a small pond in the nearby woods. Stepmother ordered her eldest son to follow Janghwa and push her into the pond. As Janghwa drowned, suddenly came a huge tiger who attacked Stepmother’s eldest son, taking one leg and one arm from him.

Stepmother got what she wanted–Janghwa’s death–but at the cost of her own son’s health. She turned her anger upon Hongryeon, hating and abusing this remaining stepdaughter more than ever. Unable to bear this treatment on top of the loss of her beloved sister, Hongryeon soon followed Janghwa; her body was found in the same pond in which Janghwa had drowned.

After that, whenever a new mayor came to the village, he was found dead a day after his arrival. As this kept happening, mysterious rumors spread through the village, but no one knew for sure what had happened to the men or for what reason.

Resolution

A brave young man came to the village as a new mayor. He was aware of the deaths of predecessors, but he was not afraid for his own life. When night came, he was sitting in his room when his candle was suddenly blown out and gruesome noises filled the air. The door opened to reveal no one, at first, but then the new mayor saw two young female ghosts. He asked them who they were and why they had killed the previous mayors. Weeping, the elder sister explained that all they wanted was to let people know the truth: the elder girl had not been an unchaste girl who committed suicide in shame. She had been framed by her stepmother and murdered by her eldest half-brother. The mayor asked the ghost of Janghwa for any evidence of this. Janghwa told him to examine the miscarried fetus that Stepmother had shown to the villagers.

Conclusion

The next morning, the new mayor did what the sisters’ ghosts had asked him to do. He summoned Father, Stepmother, and the eldest son and examined the fetus that Stepmother insisted had come from Janghwa’s body. When he split it with a knife, it was revealed to be a rat. Stepmother and her eldest son were sentenced to death. Father, however, was set free because the mayor thought Father had known nothing of Stepmother’s evil plan and in fact was just another victim.

Years later, Father married again. On the night of his third wedding, he saw his two daughters in a dream. They said that since things were as they should be, they wanted to come back to him. Nine months later, Father’s third wife delivered twin girls. Father named these twins “Janghwa” and “Hongryeon” and loved them very much. The new family lived happily ever after.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Janghwa_Hongryeon_jeon

A TALE OF TWO SISTERS ( a psychological horror drama film 2003) by Kim Jee-woon.

Plot

A teenage girl, Su-mi (Im Soo-jung), is being treated for shock and psychosis in a mental institution. She is released and returns home to her family’s secluded estate in the countryside with her father (Kim Kap-soo) and younger sister Su-yeon (Moon Geun-young), whom she is protective over. The sisters have a cold reunion with their stepmother, Eun-joo (Yum Jung-ah).

Su-mi has a nightmare of her late mother’s ghost. The next day, she finds family photos which reveal that Eun-joo was formerly an in-home nurse for her then-terminally ill mother. She discovers bruises on her sister’s arms and angrily confronts Eun-joo about the abuse. That night, their uncle and his wife arrive for dinner and Eun-joo tells bizarre stories that bewilder them. The uncle’s wife suffers a violent seizure and tells her husband that she saw the ghost of a young girl beneath the kitchen sink. When Eun-joo is in the kitchen alone, a ghost girl is seen watching her in the background.

After finding her pet bird dead and seeing defaced photos of herself, Eun-joo locks Su-yeon in the closet. Su-mi releases her hysterical sister and is confronted by their father, who begs her to stop acting out. She retorts that he is blind to Eun-joo’s abuse against Su-yeon. Her father tells her that Su-yeon is dead but Su-mi refuses to believe it.

The next morning, Eun-joo drags a bloodied sack through the house, whipping it. Su-mi believes that Su-yeon is inside the sack and she and Eun-joo and Su-mi get into a violent physical altercation. Su-mi’s father arrives to find an injured Su-mi unconscious.

It is ultimately revealed that Su-mi and her father were alone in the house the entire time. Su-yeon and Eun-joo were merely hallucinatory manifestations of Su-mi’s dissociative identity disorder. Throughout the film, Su-mi simultaneously switched personalities, acting as herself and Eun-joo. She hallucinated Su-yeon as a result of not being able to accept her death. In her “Eun-joo” mode, Su-mi imagined scenarios where she impersonates Eun-joo “abusing Su-yeon” but in reality injures herself to act out these situations. The bloodied sack simply contains a porcelain doll.

The father and the real Eun-joo, a much different woman from the imaginary version, send Su-mi back to the mental institution. That night, Eun-joo hears footsteps in Su-yeon’s old bedroom. Simultaneously, Su-mi hears a mysterious whistling and recognizes it as Su-yeon – this contrasts her delusion of Su-yeon, who was unable to whistle, thereby confirming that the one who whistled is the real ghost of Su-yeon. Su-yeon’s real ghost crawls out of the closet and kills Eun-joo, finally getting her revenge. Su-mi smiles, appearing to have finally found peace.

Flashbacks reveal the day that led Su-mi to be institutionalized. Her father and Eun-joo, who was still the nurse of their mother at the time, arrive home, announcing their engagement. This upsets the sisters and Su-yeon discovers that their mother hanged herself in Su-yeon’s closet, depressed by the news. She attempts to revive her mother, causing the closet to collapse on top of her and slowly crush her to death. Eun-joo walks in and is about to save Su-yeon but encounters Su-mi, who engages in a heated confrontation with her. Angry at Su-mi’s insults, Eun-joo decides to leave Su-yeon to die and tells Su-mi that she’ll “regret this moment.” Su-mi leaves the house, unaware of both her sister and her mother’s conditions.

Trailer – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4YmCIp4qlGg&list=PLcGoUMssSuQ62iqYmXe_aPJJhUH-BqBtY

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    This really put my perspective together for what is to come in next week’s episodes. Now I shall go and dream nice things related to IOTNBO. Thanks a lot dear for your posts about all he fairy tales/episode themes.

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    A Tale of Two Sisters is such a haunting film. I always get chills at the moment when the real stepmother is shown and we see that Sumi has been been pretty much alone the whole time. It is both a frightening and deeply sad story.

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      I’m not into horror films but the Koreans are so good at making them.

      I post it because I’m not sure if the writer is going with the original tale or the story from the movie since the titles are different.

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        Yes, I call this a horror film with depth and emotional weight. There was a English-language remake of the film, but it doesn’t compare.

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    @kiara. May I ask how you know what the theme of the episodes will be? Are you checking the drama network’s site? Thanks!

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    I’ve always wanted to watch the movie but i’m too scared!

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      It does have frightening moments–and two particularly spine-tingling scenes–but I think that it is more sad than anything else.

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    This film is really good.

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IT’S OK TO NOT BE OK eps 12: “ROMEO and JULIET”
Every one is happy,happy happy? Buckle up because Shakespeare is here to shake things up.

Romeo and Juliet Summary

An age-old vendetta between two powerful families erupts into bloodshed. A group of masked Montagues risk further conflict by gatecrashing a Capulet party. A young lovesick Romeo Montague falls instantly in love with Juliet Capulet, who is due to marry her father’s choice, the County Paris. With the help of Juliet’s nurse, the women arrange for the couple to marry the next day, but Romeo’s attempt to halt a street fight leads to the death of Juliet’s own cousin, Tybalt, for which Romeo is banished. In a desperate attempt to be reunited with Romeo, Juliet follows the Friar’s plot and fakes her own death. The message fails to reach Romeo, and believing Juliet dead, he takes his life in her tomb. Juliet wakes to find Romeo’s corpse beside her and kills herself. The grieving family agree to end their feud.

https://www.shakespeare.org.uk/explore-shakespeare/shakespedia/shakespeares-plays/romeo-and-juliet/?gclid=CjwKCAjwsO_4BRBBEiwAyagRTYRByQ9OTCIsOmvDK-PWI-Rc-BWhge1wBa9OroFF58LPoMEwRgXV9hoCWMEQAvD_BwE

Character analysis: Romeo and Juliet
https://www.bl.uk/shakespeare/articles/character-analysis-romeo-and-juliet

Themes in Romeo and Juliet with Examples and Analysis
https://literarydevices.net/romeo-and-juliet-themes/

Romeo and Juliet: Analysis by Act and Scene
http://www.shakespeare-online.com/plays/romeoandjuliet/romeohudsonaction.html

Criticism and interpretation

Critical history

The earliest known critic of the play was diarist Samuel Pepys, who wrote in 1662: “it is a play of itself the worst that I ever heard in my life.”Poet John Dryden wrote 10 years later in praise of the play and its comic character Mercutio: “Shakespear show’d the best of his skill in his Mercutio, and he said himself, that he was forc’d to kill him in the third Act, to prevent being killed by him.” Criticism of the play in the 18th century was less sparse but no less divided. Publisher Nicholas Rowe was the first critic to ponder the theme of the play, which he saw as the just punishment of the two feuding families. In mid-century, writer Charles Gildon and philosopher Lord Kames argued that the play was a failure in that it did not follow the classical rules of drama: the tragedy must occur because of some character flaw, not an accident of fate. Writer and critic Samuel Johnson, however, considered it one of Shakespeare’s “most pleasing” plays.

In the later part of the 18th and through the 19th century, criticism centred on debates over the moral message of the play. Actor and playwright David Garrick’s 1748 adaptation excluded Rosaline: Romeo abandoning her for Juliet was seen as fickle and reckless. Critics such as Charles Dibdin argued that Rosaline had been purposely included in the play to show how reckless the hero was and that this was the reason for his tragic end. Others argued that Friar Laurence might be Shakespeare’s spokesman in his warnings against undue haste. With the advent of the 20th century, these moral arguments were disputed by critics such as Richard Green Moulton: he argued that accident, and not some character flaw, led to the lovers’ deaths.

Dramatic structure

In Romeo and Juliet, Shakespeare employs several dramatic techniques that have garnered praise from critics; most notably the abrupt shifts from comedy to tragedy (an example is the punning exchange between Benvolio and Mercutio just before Tybalt arrives). Before Mercutio’s death in Act three, the play is largely a comedy.After his accidental demise, the play suddenly becomes serious and takes on a tragic tone. When Romeo is banished, rather than executed, and Friar Laurence offers Juliet a plan to reunite her with Romeo, the audience can still hope that all will end well. They are in a “breathless state of suspense” by the opening of the last scene in the tomb: If Romeo is delayed long enough for the Friar to arrive, he and Juliet may yet be saved. These shifts from hope to despair, reprieve, and new hope serve to emphasise the tragedy when the final hope fails and both the lovers die at the end.

Shakespeare also uses sub-plots to offer a clearer view of the actions of the main characters. For example, when the play begins, Romeo is in love with Rosaline, who has refused all of his advances. Romeo’s infatuation with her stands in obvious contrast to his later love for Juliet. This provides a comparison through which the audience can see the seriousness of Romeo and Juliet’s love and marriage. Paris’ love for Juliet also sets up a contrast between Juliet’s feelings for him and her feelings for Romeo. The formal language she uses around Paris, as well as the way she talks about him to her Nurse, show that her feelings clearly lie with Romeo. Beyond this, the sub-plot of the Montague–Capulet feud overarches the whole play, providing an atmosphere of hate that is the main contributor to the play’s tragic end.

Language

Shakespeare uses a variety of poetic forms throughout the play. He begins with a 14-line prologue in the form of a Shakespearean sonnet, spoken by a Chorus. Most of Romeo and Juliet is, however, written in blank verse, and much of it in strict iambic pentameter, with less rhythmic variation than in most of Shakespeare’s later plays.In choosing forms, Shakespeare matches the poetry to the character who uses it. Friar Laurence, for example, uses sermon and sententiae forms and the Nurse uses a unique blank verse form that closely matches colloquial speech. Each of these forms is also moulded and matched to the emotion of the scene the character occupies. For example, when Romeo talks about Rosaline earlier in the play, he attempts to use the Petrarchan sonnet form. Petrarchan sonnets were often used by men to exaggerate the beauty of women who were impossible for them to attain, as in Romeo’s situation with Rosaline. This sonnet form is used by Lady Capulet to describe Count Paris to Juliet as a handsome man.[76] When Romeo and Juliet meet, the poetic form changes from the Petrarchan (which was becoming archaic in Shakespeare’s day) to a then more contemporary sonnet form, using “pilgrims” and “saints” as metaphors.
Finally, when the two meet on the balcony, Romeo attempts to use the sonnet form to pledge his love, but Juliet breaks it by saying “Dost thou love me?” By doing this, she searches for true expression, rather than a poetic exaggeration of their love. Juliet uses monosyllabic words with Romeo but uses formal language with Paris.[80] Other forms in the play include an epithalamium by Juliet, a rhapsody in Mercutio’s Queen Mab speech, and an elegy by Paris.[81] Shakespeare saves his prose style most often for the common people in the play, though at times he uses it for other characters, such as Mercutio.[82] Humour, also, is important: scholar Molly Mahood identifies at least 175 puns and wordplays in the text.[83] Many of these jokes are sexual in nature, especially those involving Mercutio and the Nurse.

Psychoanalytic criticism

Early psychoanalytic critics saw the problem of Romeo and Juliet in terms of Romeo’s impulsiveness, deriving from “ill-controlled, partially disguised aggression”,which leads both to Mercutio’s death and to the double suicide.
Romeo and Juliet is not considered to be exceedingly psychologically complex, and sympathetic psychoanalytic readings of the play make the tragic male experience equivalent with sicknesses. Norman Holland, writing in 1966, considers Romeo’s dream as a realistic “wish fulfilling fantasy both in terms of Romeo’s adult world and his hypothetical childhood at stages oral, phallic and oedipal” – while acknowledging that a dramatic character is not a human being with mental processes separate from those of the author. Critics such as Julia Kristeva focus on the hatred between the families, arguing that this hatred is the cause of Romeo and Juliet’s passion for each other. That hatred manifests itself directly in the lovers’ language: Juliet, for example, speaks of “my only love sprung from my only hate” and often expresses her passion through an anticipation of Romeo’s death. This leads on to speculation as to the playwright’s psychology, in particular to a consideration of Shakespeare’s grief for the death of his son, Hamnet.

-Feminist criticism
-Queer theory
-The balcony scene

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romeo_and_Juliet

ROMEO and JULIET 1968 movie.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FZBjlKf3AW4&list=PLjT3Z589ba7OpE9o1zsLA1U3Q3HLHCtBq

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    I knew it! Show will rip our heart out string by string tomorrow. 😢

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      I’m glad that it’s not the final story.

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      I hope the tragedy will be executed well. The last line of the preview is very ominous.

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    🤣
    I just started ep 11, and was just thinking, “This is a drama. It’s too early for happiness.”

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    As always, thanks for sharing.

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IT’S OK TO NOT BE OK eps 11: “THE UGLY DUCKLING”
My favorite fairy tale and my favorite episode.
This show finally managed to make me cry happy tears.
Love my misfit trio!
Fighting, to all the Ko Kil-dongs and Kang Soon-deoks out there!

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    aww I cried during the scene of your screenshot….

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IT’S OK TO NOT BE OK eps 11: “THE UGLY DUCKLING” by Hans Christian Andersen.

Published 1844
http://hca.gilead.org.il/ugly_duc.html

THE STORY BEHIND THE UGLY DUCKLING — 9/17/14
https://delanceyplace.com/view-archives.php?p=2612

A Summary and Analysis of Hans Christian Andersen’s ‘The Ugly Duckling’ Fairy Tale
https://interestingliterature.com/2020/05/ugly-duckling-fairy-tale-andersen-summary-analysis/

‘The Ugly Duckling’, in summary, tells of a mother duck, whose eggs are hatching. The last of her baby birds to hatch is a larger bird than the other ducklings, and the other birds – and the other animals around on the farm – consider it to be ‘ugly’. They mock and vilify him, and he leaves his mother and siblings behind.

He encounters some wild geese (technically, ganders as they are male birds, strutting about), and narrowly avoids being killed when hunters turn up with guns and dogs and shoot the geese.

The ugly duckling keeps wandering, until he arrives at the home of an old woman. Here, once again, he isn’t there long before he is taunted and abused by the woman’s cat and hen: the hen dismisses the ugly duckling’s longing to glide upon the water, saying that she (the hen) is cleverer than him and it’s a stupid idea. Once more, the ugly duckling leaves and continues on his way.

The ugly duckling comes upon a flock of swans, and longs to join them, but he is unable to fly. He is delighted and excited, but he cannot join them, for he is too young and cannot fly. The duckling endures a harsh winter in a cave, and when spring arrives, he sees a flock of swans gliding on the lake.

The miserable duckling has given up on life by this point, and decides to throw himself into the path of the large swans and be killed, so he cannot be abused and rejected for being ‘ugly’ any more. But – surprise, surprise – the swans don’t devour him but instead welcome him with open arms (or wings) as one of their own. And when the ugly duckling catches sight of his own reflection in the water, he realises he is not an ugly duckling any more, but a beautiful, elegant swan. Having realised his beauty and found his family, this majestic swan takes flight with the flock of swans, happy at last.

Fitting In
Think about a moment in your life when you felt like you didn’t measure up to those around you. Although ‘The Ugly Duckling’ is on the surface a tale about physical appearance, it is universal in the idea that when we try too hard to fit in where we don’t belong, we will never feel completely confident. Let’s review the story and analyze its meaning.

Analysis
One of the themes, or central messages, that emerges from this story is the idea that our suffering is only temporary. When the duckling knows nothing besides a life of being ridiculed because of who he is, he can’t imagine that he will ever know what happiness feels like. This makes him all the more joyful when his circumstances change because you can only feel true pleasure if you have experienced pain.

Themetic Analysis:
An Informal Look Into the Theme of Acceptance

The book I chose for my final project is “The Ugly Duckling” by Hans Christian Andersen. The text was adapted and illustrated by Jerry Pinkney. This text is a childhood favorite that explores the survival story of an ugly little bird who struggles to find his value in various groups. While traveling the countryside, he must survive harmful and scary situations. The main theme presented by this text, is the theme of acceptance and how the feelings of acceptance are unique to every individual.

The title, “The Ugly Duckling,” promotes a feeling of negative self-worth. This suggests that the ugly duckling in the story is seen as an outcast by his peers, therefore unaccepted. Throughout the story, the ugly duckling begins to notice his differences from his peers. He also notices how he is treated differently than his siblings. As the story develops, the duckling begins to acquire feelings of loneliness and bitterness towards his appearance making him feel as if he will never be accepted. The events that lead him to this conclusion start with his family and those closest to him, then strangers he meets look down upon him; finally, he truly begins to see himself as others see him. Ugly and unwanted. Feeling alone, he begins to mature into the very animal he had admired, a beautiful swan. Soon enough, he was flying next to the swan and experienced true acceptance.

Words that are often associated with loneliness are empty, unattended, homeless, withdrawn, isolated, and companionless. The settings and images in the text represent each of these words. In the beginning, the author creates a mood of loneliness by showing the ugly ducking being unattended to and withdrawn from the rest of the farm. The mood gradually shifts into a more depressing and isolated state. The setting and images reflect this by having the ugly duckling be continually rejected by different groups and finally, showing the ugly duckling alone, freezing, and close to death in the middle of winter. The colors in the images seem to get gloomier and depict the sad and depressing state of the duckling. However, as the mood shifts into feelings of acceptance and love, the images are brighter and happier. The story ends with the final message that things get better and somewhere and somehow you will experience acceptance.

I believe that acceptance is unique to every individual, not only in this story, but also in our day-to-day life. How I feel acceptance can be extremely different to the way some one else feels acceptance. I found acceptance within my God, church, and my family. I used to feel as if I was an outcast when certain health issues ended my sports career. After I was outcast from my sports family, I was left feeling alone, isolated, and depressed and seeking acceptance places where I could not find it. Soon after I found that all my answers were found in Jesus and I immediately found acceptance within Him. This led me to feeling accepted by my church and my family. I find that my story of acceptance is similar to the story of “The Ugly Duckling.” I believe that many people follow a similar path to acceptance but they may find acceptance in different things. This is why I believe that acceptance is unique to every individual.

https://theuglyducklingactivity.weebly.com/thematic-analysis.html#:~:text=The%20main%20theme%20presented%20by,by%20his%20peers%2C%20therefore%20unaccepted.

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IT’S OK TO NOT BE OK eps 9 : “Dooly the Little Dinosaur”
Is a 1987 South Korean cartoon and animated film created by Kim Soo-jung. Dooly is one of the most respected and commercially successful characters of South Korean animation. It was printed in 1995 in South Korea. Dooly also has a resident registration card, which means he is a citizen of South Korea.

CHARACTERS

Dooly ( 둘리)
-is a baby dinosaur that was kidnapped by aliens, who had experimented to give him magical powers. When he returned to Earth, he was trapped in an ice glacier causing him to faint during the Ice Age.

Go Heedong (고희동)
-came to live with Uncle Kildong after his parents went abroad to study. He misses his mom every day, but feels utterly entertained by Dooly the Brother.

Douner (도우너)
-the Prince of Planet ‘Kanttappia’ makes an emergency landing on the planet Earth due to the malfunctioning of the ‘Time Cosmos’ Spaceship.

Ddochi (또치)
-the Ostrich that successfully escaped from a Las Vegas circus troop, always insists that she used to be a noble mistress from Africa.

Michol (마이콜, pronounced as “Maikol”)
-is an aspiring singer who lives next to Kildong, and feeds on his passion for dreaming, though he may lack the necessary talent.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dooly_the_Little_Dinosaur

(Sang-tae watching Doolie the Little Dinosaur)

ST- Those two guys are. (X 2) Trying to take over our house (X 2) They are a pair of rascals (X 2)
MY- I hate them. I really hate Dooly and his friends. It’s not even their house but they do whatever they want.
I like Ko Kil-dong.
ST- Ko Kil-dong.
MY- He let those guy into his territory. He is a nice guy. What do you think? I like him.
ST- I.. I also like Kil-dong. This..this guy’s name is Teary. His real name is Ko Kil-dong. His name is Teary. This right here is actually a piece of thread, but it’s also a teardrop. His name is Ko Kil-dong.
MY- Do you also like him?
ST- Yes. Ko Kil-dong is a caregiver for Dooly, Douner and Ddochi. I mean he is their guardian and he gives them a place to sleep, gives them food and protect them. Just for your information, I’m Kang-tae’s guardian and a guardian should be dependable and trsustworthy. I’m an adult and his older brother. That’s who I am.
MY- We really click, Sang-tae. We are like best friends.
ST- Best friends……….

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    Thank you for sharing this. I’ve heard about this character but I don’t know much about him.

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    Thanks for sharing!

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IT’S OK TO NOT BE OK eps 9: “My Love from the Star”
Reference to Kim Soo-hyun (KT) and Kim Chang-wan (director Oh) (2013-14) drama.

MY- Let’s go to the Serengeti (a national park and wildlife refuge in Africa)
KT- I don’t have a passport
MY- Are you from outer space? Who doesn’t have a passport these days?
KT- Me. I don’t.

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    Thank you for posting this. I was just about to look for this myself.

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    Wow i forgot ahjussi was in MLFTS too.

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    I loveeee their interactions in IONTBO because they remind me of MFTS. The two of them in that drama broke my heart so many times. They were bestfriends but he’s not human and knew he had to leave someday. Ahhh. I still remember that bench scene.

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      I dont remember but at least he was nice in MLFTS. When IOTNBO started i was also watching Find Me in Your Memory, where he’s a horrid psychologist so i was like you again? Better be nice Mister!

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        Hahahaha! It’s si hard to believe the actor after watching them in a bad guy role. I was watching Stove League before IONTBO and it took me a while to trust Oh Jung-se lol

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          Yass! Also i never thought about OJS acting before but i really appreciate his portrayal of Sang Tae – so good!

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            He is super good. His subtle additions make it so much better

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IT’S OK TO NOT BE OK eps 9: Mount Sogeumsan Suspension Bridge

Offering stunning views, the bridge is approximately 200 meters long and 1.5 meters wide and part of the trail which leads to the top of Mount Sogeumsan in Wonju and has become a top tourist attraction in the region, located about 130 kilometers east of Seoul.

MY- Are we going to tie a rope around our ankle and jump or something?
KT- Shall we? Let’s go.
My- No
KT- Why not?
MY- I’m scared
KT – (laugh)
MY- Why are you laughing?
KT- Hearing you say the word scared
MY- You think it’s funny? Do you think it’s fun to cross this stupid bridge?
KT- I just wanted to come up high and enjoy an open view. I can’t come here with Sang-tae. I saw it so it’s all good now. Let’s go back down.
MY- So you are saying you can’t hangout with Sang-tae like this? OK fine. Let’s do this but carry me on your back.
KT- (nod) wait here. I’ll be back….(walks off)
MY- Hey! carry me on your back. I said carry me! Give me a piggyback ride! Darn it. Crap.

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    I actually drooled seeing the view and the bridge. I am an avid trekker and love hills and mountains. I would anything to go there man…

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    MY is so adorable. She amuses me so. That exchange really cracked me up.

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    Great shots of the bridge in the show.

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      Loved the fixed shot of the bridge (dont know what it’s called but cameras usually move as they film but this one was fixed) because it would be shaky as they walk on it.

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IT’S OK TO NOT BE OK eps 9: “The King Has Donkey Ears”

These 3 needs group therapy.
This is how I picture them in the end.

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IT’S OK TO NOT BE OK eps 9 Korean folktale

Well, next episode will have reference to King Midas and there are many different versions of it so I’m going with the Korean version.
http://program.tving.com/tvn/tvnpsycho/10/Board/List

THE KING HAS DONKEY EARS: Even bamboo trees can’t keep secrets.

Once upon a time in ancient Silla, there lived King Gyeongmun (r. 861—875), the kingdom’s 48th king. On top of living in tumultuous times, full of turmoil and rebellion, King Gyeongmun had another vexing problem. According to legend, he had hideously large ears. Much like King Midas of Phrygia, who was punished by the Greek god Apollo with donkey ears, King Gyeongmun never failed to wear some form of crown or hat to cover his abnormal hearing organs. Unlike King Midas, however, King Gyeongmun had no magic touch that turned things to gold. Moreover, his donkey ears were not the result of some divine curse, but simply developed one day out of the blue. King Gyeongmun was horrified. He was dumbfounded. Nobody could know.

Don’t You Tell a Single Tree!

King Gyeongmun was apparently great at keeping secrets, for nobody knew about his resemblance to a donkey, not even his queen. In fact, the only person who ever saw King Gyeongmun without either his hat or crown was the royal crown maker, who by professional necessity occasionally measured the King’s head. Whether it was out of fear or respect, the crown maker knew better than to go around telling people what he knew. Even the trustworthy crown maker, however, wasn’t completely free of the gossip instinct. Upon nearing his death, the tortured crown maker realized he simply couldn’t take his secret with him to the grave. His sealed lips must be opened at least once before meeting his maker. “Oh, I must tell somebody,” he thought.

Unable to contain it any longer, the crown maker fled deep into a bamboo forest near a serene temple and shouted into the trees, “The King has donkey ears!” Satisfied at last, the crown maker was able to return home and die in peace. The bamboo trees, however, couldn’t contain themselves either, and every time the wind blew through the forest, they echoed the words, “The King has donkey ears…the King has donkey ears,” a sound that carried quite far, informing nearly the entire kingdom of King Gyeongmun’s medical secret. Infuriated and embarrassed, King Gyeongmun ordered that the entire bamboo forest be cut down and eradicated. However, every time the wind blew it carried the same words everywhere it went: “the King has donkey ears…the King has donkey ears…” Perhaps it is such a wind that has brought this story to us across so many generations.

Royal Animal Ears

Although King Gyeongmun is a real historical figure, this story is obviously folklore. Details are described in the Samguk Yusa, or Memorabilia of the Three Kingdoms, a collection of folklore, legends and historical anecdotes from the 1200s about the three ancient kingdoms of Goguryeo, Silla and Baekje. This is an interesting coincidence, as King Gyeongmun’s tale demonstrates remarkable similarity to that of King Midas, whose barber uttered his secret into a hole in the ground, from which reeds eventually sprang up and whispered, “the King has the ears of an ass!” Similar tales exist in other countries’ folklore, often the donkey’s ears changing into the ears of a lamb or goat, which brings up the question: What is it about animal ears that makes us want to put them on our unfortunate kings?

Written by Felix Im
Illustrated by Shim Soo-keun
http://www.korea.net/NewsFocus/Culture/view?articleId=122701

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IT’S OK TO NOT BE OK eps 8.

MY- Oppa

ST- Yes

MY- Let’s not work today

ST- Yes

(poor Mang-tae didn’t stand a chance)

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IT’S OK TO NOT BE OK eps 8 fairy tale: “BEAUTY and the BEAST”

The History of the Tale.
https://www.pookpress.co.uk/project/beauty-and-the-beast-history/

The Oldest Beauty and the Beast Story

It is thought by some scholars that Beauty and the Beast story may have a much longer history. It could be that it has roots in the tale of Cupid and Psyche, the ancient chronicle from the Latin novel Metamorphoses. This myth, written in the 2nd Century CE by Apuleius, is one of the oldest tales and many believe it to be the first ever literary fairy tale.

“A Tale as Old as Time”

Cupid and Psyche

The Ancient Roman tale starts with Psyche’s banishment (by the jealous Venus) to a mountaintop, in order to be wed to a murderous beast. Cupid is sent to destroy her but instead falls in love and flies her away to his castle. There she is directed to never seek to see the face of her husband, who visits and makes love to her in the dark of night. Eventually Psyche succumbs to her curiosity but accidentally scars her husband with a candle. In attempted atonement, Psyche offers herself as a slave to Venus, and completes a set of impossible tasks. Completing the last task (seeking beauty from the Queen of the Underworld), Psyche opens the ‘beauty in a box’ and at once falls into a coma. Overcome with grief, Cupid rescues her. He begs Jupiter that she may become immortal, so that the two could be forever united.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cupid_and_Psyche

Beauty and the Beast by Gabrielle-Suzanne de Villeneuve (1740)

The Beast, a prince, lost his father at a young age. His mother had to wage war to defend his kingdom, and left him in the care of a rather evil fairy. This fairy attempted to seduce him as the prince became an adult. When he refused, she transformed him into the beast until someone would agree to marry him without knowing his past or that he was intelligent. In a neighboring kingdom, Beauty is the daughter of a king and a different fairy. Beauty’s mother broke the laws of fairy society by falling in love with a human, so she was sentenced to remain in the fairy land and Beauty was sentenced to marry a hideous beast when she grew up. After Beauty’s mother disappeared from earth, the evil fairy unsuccessfully attempted to take Beauty’s life and marry her father. Beauty’s aunt, another good fairy, intervened and changed Beauty’s place with the dead daughter of a merchant for Beauty’s protection, then placed the Beast in a magically hidden castle until Beauty grew up.

“The happiness in store for them inspired each with equal delight. They could not entertain the least doubt of their mutual affection.” – Villeneuve’s La Belle et La Bête

Beauty and the Beast by Jeanne-Marie LePrince de Beaumont (1756)
https://www.pitt.edu/~dash/beauty.html

Commentary

Tatar (2017) compares the tale to the theme of “animal brides and grooms” found in folklore throughout the world, pointing out that the French tale was specifically intended for the preparation of young girls in 18th century France for arranged marriages. The urban opening is unusual in fairy tales, as is the social class of the characters, neither royal nor peasants; it may reflect the social changes occurring at the time of its first writing.

Hamburger (2015) points out that the design of the Beast in the 1946 film adaptation by Jean Cocteau was inspired by the portrait of Petrus Gonsalvus, a native of Tenerife who suffered from hypertrichosis, causing an abnormal growth of hair on his face and other parts, and who came under the protection of the French king and married a beautiful Parisian woman named Catherine.

Beauty and the Beast was Originally a Feminist Fable Disguised as Marriage Guidance

The Original Belle

Before her Beauty adaptation, the writer translated the tragic tale of Madame de Ganges, based on the real-life tragic history of Diane-Elisabeth de Rossan. The protagonist has an unfortunate story: a wealthy, beautiful and virtuous young woman remarries after becoming widowed. She makes a poor choice, however, and marries a jealous husband with two villainous brothers, both of whom fall in love with her. When neither succeeds in corrupting her virtue, their anger is so great that they decide to murder her – with the endorsement of her husband.

The heroine is ordered to choose the method of her own death: poison, stabbing or shooting. But in a twist in the tale, Madame de Ganges ends up the victim of all three: she is not only forced to swallow the poison, but when she attempts to escape, she is stabbed by one of the brothers, and shot. Ultimately, it is the poison which finishes her off: details of the character’s autopsy in a later translated version reveal that it had “burnt the coats of her stomach, and turned her brain quite black”. The beauty of the young woman was transmuted into the beast of a blackened husk.

Interestingly, in de Beaumont’s version of Madame de Ganges’s tale, written as a moral for young women, she seemingly attributes some culpability to the Marchioness in her own downfall. Her husband’s jealousy arises because she “gad[s] about so much”, enjoying being admired for her beauty. This incurs the wrath of her jealous husband who chides her “to stay more at home”.

But de Beaumont almost seems dissatisfied with concluding that Madame de Ganges should have complied with her husband because “lions and tygers are tamed at last; a man must be of a fiercer nature than those animals, not to be gained by a complying, prudent, and discreet wife”. And so she rewrote the tale again, this time as a fairy tale: Beauty and the Beast.

https://theconversation.com/beauty-and-the-beast-was-originally-a-feminist-fable-disguised-as-marriage-guidance-74561

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IT’S OK TO NOT BE OK eps 7.

“Later means sometime before you die.”

Sang-tae oppa

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MOVIE WATCH: “MINARI” 2020.
Release date: Coming soon.
(Can’t wait to see it)

Written and directed by Lee Isaac Chung
Staring: Steven Yeun, Han Ye-ri, Yoon Yeo-jeong

Premise:

Minari follows a Korean-American family that moves to a tiny Arkansas farm in search of their own American Dream. The family home changes completely with the arrival of their sly, foul-mouthed, but incredibly loving grandmother.

Awards: Minari won 2 awards during the Sundance festivals January 2020
https://deadline.com/2020/02/sundance-film-festival-awards-2020-winners-1202848900/

Reviews:
IndieWire: https://www.indiewire.com/2020/01/minari-review-sundance-1202206360/
The Guardian: https://www.theguardian.com/film/2020/jan/29/minari-sundance-korean-american-film
Variety:https://variety.com/2020/film/reviews/minari-review-1203484467/#article-comments
Hollywood Reporter: https://www.hollywoodreporter.com/review/minari-review-1273558

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    Cant find the trailer!

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    Thanks for the heads up @kiara. I am bummed that the AMC 25 in NYC has been closed since March. That is my go to place for first run Korean movies. I hope it will be able to reopen.
    Last weekend I watched a couple of films I have had queued up for some time: THE AGE OF BLOOD (2017) and THE KING’S LETTERS (2019). I enjoyed both. I think I remember you had reservations about TKL for historical accuracy.

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      Hi @marcusnyc20, bong-soo Yw:).

      I used to live close to an AMC theater then our family moved a year ago the nearest one is 45 mins away 😟. I missed it so bad.
      Oh did you like TKL? The leads are two of my favorites actors in Korea. Song is everywhere but I don’t get to see much of Park Hae-il.
      I’ve been fangirling over King Sejong ever since I’ve heard of him so it’s just me being bias lol.

      Stay safe and hope we’ll get to see it sometimes soon.

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    This sounds great!

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    Looking forward to seeing this! I love Steven Yeun and Han Ye-ri. Yoon Yeo-jeong is a f* legend. I’m especially happy to see bilingual Steven Yeun’s international career flourishing.

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      Yoon Yeo-jeong is gold and she speaks English better than I do :).

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    Omg this whole cast!! I’ll definitely keep an eye out for this.

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IT’S OK TO NOT BE OK : Korean folktales.

Episode 5: Netflix translations.

KT-My face is all swollen, so I look like Mr Lumpy now. What do I do?
ST-Mr Lumpy? Where is Mr Lumpy? Mr Lumpy.
KT-(oh oh) My lumps are all gone. (Oh) I can’t believe it.
ST-Lying is bad. It’s deception. The cops will come and arrest you.

“HOKBURIYEONGGAM”
“Old Man With a Lump on His Neck”(瘤子老爷)
by Kim Jongdae

“Hokburiyeonggam” is the tale of an old man who, with the help of goblins, loses the big lump on his neck, and another old man who, instead of losing his deformity, was given another lump by the goblins.

An old man who had a lump on his neck went to the mountain to gather wood. He worked until after dark and on his way down, found an empty house where he decided to lodge for the night. Feeling alone and bored, he began singing a song, which attracted goblins (dokkaebi), who were moved by his singing.“ Old man, where does that beautiful singing come from? ” asked the goblin leader, and the old man answered, “ It comes from this lump on my neck.” The goblin asked the old man to sell him the lump in return for treasure, which the old man accepted, and the old man lost his lump and became rich as well. A neighbor of his, who also had a lump of his neck, heard the story and headed out to the empty house in the mountain and waited for nightfall. Night arrived and he began to sing, which again attracted the goblins. The goblin leader again asked where the singing came from and the old man answered that it came from his lump. Upon hearing this, the goblin said, “ The other old man was a liar and you’re one, too, ” and added a lump on the other side of the old man’s neck. This gave birth to the expression, “ Went to lose the lump but returned with another, ”

This tale belongs to the type of imitation tale spread around the world, but lacks in characterization. Many folk tales emphasize the theme of “punishing evil and rewarding virtue (gwonseon jingak), ” and many Korean tales highlight filial piety, but those themes are ignored in this narrative and the only clear plot is the old man overcoming crisis with a lie, for which he acquires wealth, which makes it difficult to position the tale within the Korean oral tradition. It is also notable that the structure of repetition is unrelated to the character’s virtue or vice and that reward and punishment is determined only by the order of who came first. The tale is included in the primary school textbook Chōsengo dokuhon, published in 1923, under Japanese colonial rule, and the inclusion of a story in which the protagonist is rewarded for lying seems to pose moral issues. The story’s plot is revised in the 1933 edition of the book, but the fact that it took ten years to change this reflects the Japanese colonial government’s attempt to distort the characteristics of the Korean people.

The tale was first documented in 1915 in the textbook Chōsengo dokuhon under the title “Old Man With a Lump” and has since been recognized as one of the most widely known Korean folk tales. In Japan, the story was published as part of the 1st-grade textbook Jinjō shōgaku dokuhon, which was copied onto the Korean textbook, including the illustrations, which depicted dokkaebi as the Japanese goblin oni, resulting in the similarity between the public image of dokkaebi and oni.
https://folkency.nfm.go.kr/en/topic/detail/6021

A bit of history.

During the Japanese colonial era, dokkaebi became subsumed by oni. This is how the Japanese story Kobutori Jisan turned into Hokburiyeonggam (The Old Man with a Lump on His Neck) in colonial-era Korean textbooks, a case of the oni being transferred wholesale into the dokkaebi tradition.

This story in colonial-era textbooks would have served to show that Korea and Japan have a single cultural root, an attempt at justifying colonial rule.

https://koreanliteraturenow.com/essay/musings/dokkaebi-goblins-korean-myth

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IT’S OK TO NOT BE OK Eps 6: The end blooper 😂
Moon-young: Esmeralda from Hunchback of Notre-Dame?
Kang-tae: Quasimodo?

Is Victor Hugo’s novels next?

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    Loved it, although at the beginning I thought about Igor and not the Hunchback, LOL.

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IT’S OK TO NOT BE OK Eps 6: “BLUEBEARD.” A French folktale, written by Charles Perrault.

Surviving version
https://etc.usf.edu/lit2go/68/fairy-tales-and-other-traditional-stories/4858/blue-beard/

PLOT

Bluebeard is a wealthy and powerful nobleman who has been married several times to beautiful women who have all mysteriously vanished. When Bluebeard visits his neighbor and asks to marry one of his daughters, the girls are terrified. After hosting a wonderful banquet, he chooses the youngest daughter to be his wife – against her will – and she goes to live with him in his rich and luxurious palace in the countryside, away from her family.

Bluebeard announces that he must leave for the country and gives the keys of the château to his wife. She is able to open any door in the house with them, each of which contain some of his riches, except for an underground chamber that he strictly forbids her to enter lest she suffer his wrath. He then goes away and leaves the house and the keys in her hands. She invites her sister, Anne, and her friends and cousins over for a party. However, she is eventually overcome with the desire to see what the forbidden room holds, and she sneaks away from the party and ventures into the room.

She immediately discovers the room is flooded with blood and the murdered corpses of Bluebeard’s former wives hanging on hooks from the walls. Horrified, she drops the key in the blood and flees the room. She tries to wash the blood from the key, but the key is magical and the blood cannot be removed. Fearing for her life, she reveals her husband’s secret to her visiting sister, and they plan to both flee the next morning. However, Bluebeard unexpectedly returns and finds the bloody key. In a blind rage, he threatens to kill his wife on the spot, but she asks for one last prayer with her sister Anne. Then, as Bluebeard is about to deliver the fatal blow, Anne and the wife’s brothers arrive and kill Bluebeard. The wife inherits his fortune and castle, and has the dead wives buried. She uses the fortune to have her other siblings married then remarries herself, finally moving on from her horrible experience with Bluebeard.

COMMENTARIES

The fatal effects of female curiosity have long been the subject of story and legend. Eve, Lot’s wife, Pandora, and Psyche are all examples of mythic stories where women’s curiosity is punished by dire consequences. The Bluebeard story also echoes the story of The Fall. In giving his wife the keys to his castle, Bluebeard is acting the part of the serpent, and therefore of the devil, and his wife the part of the victim held by the serpent’s gaze.

In addition, hidden or forbidden chambers were not unknown in pre-Perrault literature. In Basile’s Pentamerone, the tale The Three Crowns tells of a Princess Marchetta entering a room after being forbidden by an ogress, and in The Arabian Nights, Prince Agib is given a hundred keys to a hundred doors but forbidden to enter the golden door, which he does with terrible consequences.

While some scholars interpret the Bluebeard story as a fable preaching obedience to wives (as Perrault’s moral suggests), folklorist Maria Tatar has suggested that the tale encourages women not to unquestioningly follow patriarchal rules. Women breaking men’s rules in the fairy tale can be seen as a metaphor for women breaking society’s rules and being punished for their transgression. The key can be seen as a sign of disobedience or transgression; it can also be seen as a sign that one should not trust their husband.

Tatar, however, does go on to speak of Bluebeard as something of a “Beauty and the Beast” narrative. The original Beauty and the Beast tale by Jeanne-Marie Leprince de Beaumont is said to be a story created to condition young women into the possibility of not only marriage, but marrying young, and to placate their fears of the implications of an older husband. It shows the beast as secretly compassionate, and someone meant to curb the aggressive sexual fears that young women have towards marriage. Though “Beauty and the Beast” holds several similarities in Gothic imagery to “Bluebeard,”(such as is shared with Cupid and Psyche as well, in the case of a mysterious captor, a looming castle, and a young, beautiful heroine) Tatar goes on to state that the latter tale lives on the entire opposite side of the spectrum: one in which, instead of female placation, the tale simply aggravates women’s apprehension, confirming one’s “‘worst fears about sex'”.

Jungian psychoanalyst Clarissa Pinkola Estés refers to the key as the key of knowing which gives the wife consciousness. She can choose to not open the door and live as a naive young woman. Instead, she has chosen to open the door of truth.

For folklorist Bruno Bettelheim, Bluebeard can only be considered a fairy tale because of the magical bleeding key; otherwise, it would just be a monstrous horror story. Bettelheim sees the key as associated with the male sexual organ, “particularly the first intercourse when the hymen is broken and blood gets on it.” For Bettelheim, the blood on the key is a symbol of the wife’s indiscretion.

For scholar Philip Lewis, the key offered to the wife by Bluebeard represents his superiority, since he knows something she does not. The blood on the key indicates that she now has knowledge. She has erased the difference between them, and in order to return her to her previous state, he must kill her.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bluebeard

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IT’S OK TO NOT BE OK

“It’s Okay To Not Be Okay” Fact Check:

What Is The Identity Of The Deer That Seo YeJi Was Screaming At?

In Korea, it is an animal you can easily see in the mountains and there is often news about Gorani being hit by cars on the roads. Some of the Goranis have long teeth looking like a vampire.

https://www.kpopmap.com/its-okay-to-not-be-okay-fact-check-what-is-the-identity-of-the-deer-that-seo-yeji-was-screaming-at/

Shall we call it vampire deer?

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IT’S OK TO NOT BE OK Episode 5: “Bates Motel.”
It’s a reference to an American mystery, psychological horror drama television series (2013-2017).
I enjoyed this series and became an even bigger fan of Vera Farmiga and Freddie Highmore.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bates_Motel_(TV_series)

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    lol.. more than the series.. it is a reference to the cult hitchcock movie

    Psycho

    everyone and their mother know about that movie

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      If you’ve seen the series it’s a prequel to Hitchcock’s “Psycho” so yes we know that.

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        ya.. watched first few episodes when it was launched… wasn’t exciting so dropped

        And, i highly doubt they were referring to the series, instead the movie

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          That’s the beauty of this series. It can be interpreted in so many ways.

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    and that “even my mom should pay” comment…

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    This version is the one I’m familiar with and immediately thought of when I saw the motel’s name. I did crack up at the “even my mom has to pay upfront” line. I’m enjoying the dashes of psychological/horror they’ve incorporated in so far, although I did get so scared during all the ghost mom scenes. Yikes!

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      Comment was deleted

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      Same, this is the latest version for me. I didn’t grow up on Hitchcock films even thought I’ve heard of him.

      I like Jung Sung-hoon’s cameo.

      “Just say it”

      “Tell her that you love her”

      While eating a bowl of popcorn lol.

      Question.
      Does # 19 ring a bell or is he just meant for them to get a room?

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        Me neither tbh. I know of Hitchcock as the master of the genre but that’s about it. Hmm that number doesn’t ring a bell – it has been a while since I first watched Bates Motel so I might have forgotten stuff.

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